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.s. history that have transformed the laws of the country and illuminated protections afforded to religion in the u.s. constitution. this interview, part of booktv's college series, was recorded at the university of pennsylvania in philadelphia. it's about 20 minutes. >> host: university of pennsylvania professor sarah gordon, "the spirit of the law" is her most recent book. what do you mean when you talk about the old constitutional world and the new constitutional world when it comes to religion? >> guest: well, for most of our nation's history, it was the states rather than federal government that controlled access to religious worship, the rights of religious organizations and so on. and in the early decades of the 20th century, that began to shift as the supreme court applied the national constitutional establishment and free exercise clauses of the first amendment against the states sort of centralizing debates about religion. >> host: but if the states had the control, we had it written into our constitution, freedom of religion. >> guest: we did, indeed. but the first amendment beg
they look to the devil and the titis -- a very complex religion well structured. they looked among the titis and the sound issue, dtt called issue. i often refer to issue as the imminent hearing condition. the issue is on project boasts. issue exists to teach humanity. there's always more than one side to an issue. more than one face to the reality, two to shoot aware of appearances. issue is the embodiment of the lesson embedded in such things. i want to teach about their folly and being dogmatic about any issue in a very painful way. like a good teacher, symbolic for those who haven't learned, looking at both sides of the question. his places at the crossroads, where he get confused. which rose to take at a crossroads? sound issue this is not allowed in the house. his places always at the doorstep because it's just too temperamental. before you do anything come and before you were shaped any of the titis, make sure you set aside a morsel for the messenger of the titis. you can deliver the message straight into the streets, but you may deliver it in a way without lying that makes you misint
human beings. so they look for the devil and look among the deities, a very complex religion. very elaborate, very well structured, and they looked among the deities, and they found be issue, the deity called issue. who's issue? i often refer to issue as the imminent -- [inaudible] of the human condition. why do i call him that? issue is an unpredictable spirit. issue exists to teach humanity, but there's always more than one side to an issue. more than one face to any reality. teaches you beware of appearances. the best laid plans of mice and men, etc., issue is the embodiment of the lesson gained by such things. and when you teach humanity about the folly in -- [inaudible] or being dogmatic about any issue, it tends to do it in a rather painful way, you know, hike a good teacher armed with a cane, symbolic cane for adults who haven't learned the wisdom of looking at both sides of a question. and his places are the crossroads where, of course, which is the place where human beings get confused. which road do you take at a crossroads? issue's so mischievous that in the overall pant
. this is the history of africa and it goes back a couple of centuries. but today, to be a follower of the religion is to earn a death sentence in certain parts of nigeria. and of course, christians respond in kind with their colleagues in reprisal. put that level of intolerance based on ignorance has raised that such a pitch that if you open the papers at any time in nigeria of the church has been burned down, worshipers machine gunned, a mosque was burned down and worshipers were bombed out of existence. even within the muslim religion there are different grades of purity. one side considers the other not sufficient so therefore deserving of criminal censorship. but then i jeers censorship never has one single issue that leads to total destabilization of society. >> booktv is here at the national press club author night joining us now is the author of a first cameraman. what is your association with the obama administration? >> in 2008 on the campaign i was a personal videographer that i carried through the first two and a half years of the white house. the last cycle i did not work on the campai
of the religion and taliban, sort of the ideological battles that play out in the countryside are very much in terms of religion peers at the taliban are booted in the countryside as mullahs and people who have a religious discourse and this is idea in government and other actors try to compete with the taliban on that background. >> a question about india. i'd refer you to a chapter in the book. india has a critical role to play and that's because the narrative of what afghanistan is has played in a south asian lyric is that afghanistan is in play between india and pakistan and that the individual tribes in the country of pakistan online in one way or the other, rightly or wrongly with either indian and choicer pakistani entries. pakistan's apparatus not wishing to see either to perpetuate mysia from afghanistan against its ethnic minorities within the country or to gain decisive anti-geostrategic really really mistrusts fundamentally what i see is presently in kabul at the new delhi blaming government and that america and western offers have been either intentionally or more likely inadve
sense is that regardless of culture, race religion try some commonality. these essential human truth compassion and hope some moral precepts are universal. just go and somebody is another variation he said in the speech that made famous in the 2004 keynote address at the democratic national convention in boston, where he said there's a red states blue states, but the united states. he presented himself as the personification of that notion. his presidency has been a rude awakening in terms of how far you can take that. so he has been dealing with that. the promise and frustrations of that idea ever sense. as i'm sure we'll both be experiencing the telephone calls, for the show. >> host: your book ends in 1989, "barack obama: the story." he said there's another volume coming? >> guest: added y2k committed to 40 years of robert caro, so assertive cat that on the down low, but i had every intention and i've done a lot of reporting that the later years, which influences the book even though they're not in it. and i don't want to do a quickie. i tried a rate for history documents coming o
of religion despite their religious heritage of the academe in america. also they don't prevent. their cause i socialists. rusher agreed with all of that. but, i think a greater affinity with buckley can be seen in buckley and his brother-in-law's 1954 book mccarthy and his enemies she's made some errors in judgment but that cause is really important and he is being treated unfairly. that is exactly where rusher is in 1954, 55, 56. in the years where he turns from generic young republican republican as some to the hard movement conservatism. there was a bit of the conservative movement even before he founded the "national review" in 1955, but it was sort of -- it was disorganized, by the blight termite might be entrepreneurial individualistic. whitaker chambers had another way of describing it. it was like people popping out like rabbits. you never knew where they were coming from or where they were going. we might see a little of this today now and then. rusher is absolutely thrilled to hear that there is going to be a conservative weekly magazine. at the time, it was weakly. so when he hears
and religion etc.. as opposed to judging the size of eggs and being discriminate so by giving it a name, by giving it a name that started to have its own life. the ability of a president to name something and i'm jumping ahead a little bit but in 1934 franklin d. roosevelt was going to give his annual address to congress. it was from day one in this country and the year we give an address to the nation and the congress. roosevelt in 1934 set on set on getting it in the many calls at the state of the union. a lot of these terms which were created by presidents we think are there from day one and in fact they are ones that have been in it later. and again some of them are just wonderful. let me just jump to a couple. zachary taylor created the term first lady. that did not exist in the applied it to dolley madison and the first that anyone had used that term. he referred to as the first lady of the land. benjamin harrison was keep the ball rolling. jumping around a little bit but woodrow wilson had potomac fever which was something that harry truman loved to quote. politics is adjourned w
of religion despite religious heritage and religious heritage, most elite academia, they don't present the free enterprise side of economics. they're too keynesian and claw the socialist. "national review" -- rusher agreed with all that, but the greater affinity with buckley can be seen in buckley and his brother's 1954 book mccarthy and his enemies in which they say mccarty has been a little too rough, made some errors of judgment, but that cause is really important and he is being treated unfairly. that is exactly where rusher is in the years when he turns from generic young republican republicanism to hard movement conservatism. there was a bit of a conservative movement before buckley founded "national review" in 1955 but it was disorganized, the polite term might be a entrepreneur real, individualistic. whitaker chambers had another way of describing it, like people popping out like rabbits, never knew where they were coming from or where they were going. you might see this today now and then. rusher is thrilled to hear there is going to be a conservative weekly magazine. when he
their religion, and shaped their individual personalities. so slavery was central to southern life. but slavery was also an institution, a form of property, that contained a problem. a problem for the masters. this valuable form of property was capable of thinking. capable of yearning for freedom. and capable of acting upon that yearning. this man, joshua speed, a kentucky slave owner, who is a friend of abraham lincoln's, put it this way. slave property is unlike any other. it is the only property in the world that has loco motion and a behind to croyle. and he went ton say that whys the owners of such property are so sensitive about any outside interference with it. their masters fear left them convinced their labors could be kept, controlled, and worked profitably only if they were kept uneducated, uninformed, isolated from dangerous influences, closely watched, intimidated, and convinced that their status as slaves was permanent and unchangeable. to accomplish that, so-communities and state legislatures made it a crime to teach slaves to read, severely limited slaves' movements off their ow
to king darius. suddenly between the jewish religion, not just israel, the jewish population worldwide. i believe you put a very big t. on this. i admire everything you said, but i believe one of the worst stress push yourself, any one of us if we're ahead of what they did to iran. this is the right and affected the other repaired, is fragile in my opinion. i know iran. i know the whole royal family. i traveled with the empress. i believe everything you said is right. i want a quick question. i don't want to distribute. what about the islamic republic. what'll happen there? that's very key. they're going to give relations to israel, under the table relations. what is your opinion? >> trust is a very difficult issue. we argued in the book at the well-known antidote to trust his transparency. i think for many americans, this issue comes squarely focused on the nuclear issue today that with this lack of trust we can't possibly trust whatever the iranians may or may not say or do with the iaea, international monetary mechanism. for many americans, they're never going to trust the republic in
or religion may lose anyway because he will never make us his priority. i remember when i got married he was going to walk me down the aisle and was looking at the clock say what time will this wedding start? i have to go to my church. hurry up. i was so hurt. a only get married once. your church will always be there but he kept looking at his clock and we we're done with the ceremony he took off right after that. he stayed at the reception for a little bit but i felt so horrible will whole time that i will never be more important to my father than other things. it hurt me a lot. >>host: where does your mother figure? >>guest: i hardly talk about my mother. i have a lot of issues with my mother if you read a memoir" you will know why. she is still alive and in l.a.. she lives about 20 minutes away. now that i have become a writer and i have to travel lot, i have to say that has helped me to have a better relationship with her because right now, she is with my children and comes over to take care of them. she tries to help me out when she can. it helps me to understand her having my own c
a shortcut and he was interested in gold and spending religion, but primarily it is about spaces. whatever space is so valuable that then? wasn't just the food was terrible in europe. and it was, but each new exotic spice was thought to have certain properties. each of these new spaces where the today. so that's one of the reasons by the trade became so valuable and people risk their lives to explore these themes. so after the conquest and colonization, exporting drugs back to europe in this hemisphere as well. by drugs i mean sugar, which many people consider a job, where we get from is definitely a drug. coffee, tobacco, tea and aphrodisiac spaces. these things became the developmental and system. vast fortunes were created. think about where we are today. what was the colonial economy? these are all drugs. .. and now we have turkish coffee, english tea time and of course of the fortunes that drove a lot in the european development. and so, long story short the reason have the world got colonized in some ways is because a bunch of old white men in europe couldn't get up so there you have
. it was the first time discrimination had ever been used in the distinction between race, religion, etc., discrimination in the fact as opposed to judging the size of eggs or something, being discriminate. and so by giving it a name, by giving it a fame it started -- a name it started to have it own life. the ability of a president to name something, i'm jumping ahead a little bit, but in 1934 franklin d. roosevelt was going to give his annual address to congress and was from day one in this country the president at the beginning of the year would give an address to the nation and to the congress. and roosevelt in 1934 says, oh, i'll give it a name, calls it the state of the union. so a lot of these terms which are sort of created by presidents we think are, um, they are from day one. in fact, they're ones that have been added later. and, again, some of them are just wonderful. i mean, i'll just jump to a couple. zachary taylor created the term "first lady." he applied it to dolly madison. that was the first anyone had ever used that term. he said the first lady of the land. benjamin ha
makes religion into an instrument of hatred like j.b. stoner, there are plenty of those. they are near the top of the list. c-span: here is the book. second in the three volume series by taylor branch. this one is called "pillar of fire america in the king years 1963-1965." thank you. >> guest: thank you, brian. >>> you are watching book tv on c-span2. tonight we are at the national press club in washington, d.c. for their annual authors night and we are pleased to be joined here by robert merry who is the author of "where they stand the american presidents in the eyes of voters and historians." mr. merry, do we tend to like our presidents? >> i think the american people love their presidents. they love the presidency. but when they have a president that has not succeeded to the judge a failure, they vary on sentimentally cast them aside and that is our system to read that is what they were invited to do by the founders and by the constitution. >> do we have a short patience? >> we understand the constitution gave them hiring and firing authority over these guys every four years. so th
religion and stuff but primarily about speightss. y speightss? why were spices so valuable? it wasn't just the food was terrible and all these things in the new world, and it was but all the spices, each new exotic spice was fought to have certain properties. they might make you feel a bit more randy. how should i put this? each of these new spices were the by agra of the day. that is one of the reasons this trade became so valuable and people risked their lives for these things. after the conquest and colonization the settlers made fortunes exporting drugs to europe and consuming them with this tendency as well and buy drugs i mean sugar which people consider a drug where we get rum from, definitely a drug, coffee, tobacco, tea, aphrodisiac spices. please became the development of engines for hemispheric development. vast fortunes were creat
. the founding fathers talked about hearing of the majority and they were concerned about the freedom of religion, but they also realized there were 51% of the people that realized they could benefit from the 49%. pretty soon the party is over. they will send 50% and the 40% and finally if of 30% correct. just like the call is a philosophical so was the cure. the cure is expressed by thomas jefferson and the declaration of independence. life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. the individuals have a moral right to their own life to each individual's right to pursue their happiness. each individual's right to the product of their labor. if you produce a lot, you get a lot including the right to give it anything you want to on whatever terms you want to. if you think about that prerogative, it demands personal responsibility because there is no free lunch. it demands and rewards rationality. it demands and rewards self discipline to the life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. let's talk about liberty for just a minute. you know, a lot of defenders and liberty think of liberty as a nice thing
of religion. and so we have this enormous, tragic history that all of us confront from whatever our backgrounds are whether we're white, black, hispanic, asian, whether we're muslim, jew or christian. the notion that, in fact, in the words of a great writer who happened to win a nobel prize, william faulkner, he said the past is never dead and buried, it isn't even past. and i think that all of us are confronting constantly our history. we're confronting the history of slavery in this country. we're confronting the history and problems that arose as a consequence of colonialism. we're confronting those scars of violence and oppression and struggle and difficulty and hope not only on the larger canvas of history, but also within our own families. and for me it was not entirely obvious how, in fact, i was going to be able to integrate and pull together all those different strands in my life. so part of my challenge growing up was to figure out how do i function as someone who is black but also has white blood in me, how do i function as somebody who with is american and takes pride an
Search Results 0 to 17 of about 18